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Catalogue 



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jCincoln ^University 



1895-96 



CATALOGUE 



Lincoln University, 



Chester County, ^t&nna., 



FOR THE 



ACADEMICAL YEAR 1895-96. 



PHILADELPHIA: 

Printing House of Allen, Lane & Scott, 

1211-15 Clover St. and 229-31 South Fifth St. 

1806. 



FORTIETH ACADEMICAL YEAR 



THEOLOGICAL COMMENCEMENT . 
COLLEGIATE COMMENCEMENT. . 



Tuesday, June 2d, 1896. 
Tuesday, June 2d, 1896. 



FORTY=FIRST ACADEMICAL YEAR, 



OPENING COLLEGIATE DEPARTMENT . September 24th, 1896. 
OPENING THEOLOGICAL DEPARTMENT, October 29th, 1896. 

CLOSE OF FIRST SESSION December 24th, 1896. 

OPENING OF SECOND SESSION January 7th, 1897. 



TRUSTEES OF LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 



Hon. James A. Beaver Bellefonte, Pa. 

Rev. Nathan G. Parke, D. D Pittston, Pa. 

Thomas W. Synnott Wenonah, N. J. 

Rev. Henry E. Niles, D. D York, Pa. 

Rev. Thomas McCauley, D. D Philadelphia, Pa. 

William H. Scott, Esq Germantown, Pa. 

Rev. Stephen W. Dana, D. D Philadelphia, Pa. 

Rev. George S. Mott, D. D Flemington, N. J. 

Walter Carter, Esq New York, N. Y. 

Rev. Isaac N. Rendall, D. D Lincoln University, Pa. 

Rev. Melancthon W. Jacobus Hartford, Conn. 

Rev. Robert F. Sample, D. D New York, N. Y. 

*Hon. Joseph Allison, LL. D Philadelphia, Pa. 

Rev. William A. Holliday, D. D Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Rev. George T. Purves, D. D Princeton, N. J. 

George E. Dodge, Esq New York, N. Y. 

Rev. John M. Galbreath, A. M Chestnut Level, Pa. 

Charles B. Adamson, Esq Germantown, Pa. 

Rev. William R. Bingham, D. D Oxford, Pa. 

Rev. Charles A. Dickey, D. D . Philadelphia, Pa. 

John M. C. Dickey, Esq Oxford, Pa. 

* Deceased. 



OFFICERS OF THE BOARD. 



PRESIDENT OF THE BOARD, 

Rev. WILLIAM R. BINGHAM, D. D., Oxford, Pa. 

TREASURER OF THE BOARD, 

J. EVERTON RAMSEY, Esq., Oxford, Pa. 

SECRETARY OF THE BOARD, 

Rev. JOHN M. GALBREATH, Chestnut Level, Pa. 



FINANCIAL SECRETARIES LINCOLN UNIVERSITY: 

Rev. EDWARD WEBB, Oxford, Pa. 
Rev. WILLIAM P. WHITE, D. D., Germantown, Pa. 



COMMITTEES. 



EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE AND COMMITTEE ON FINANCE. 

Rev. William R. Bingham, D. D Oxford, Pa. 

Rev. Isaac N. Rendall, D. D Lincoln University, Pa, 

Rev. Thomas McCauley, D. D Chester, Pa. 

John M. C. Dickey, Esq Oxford, Pa. 

Rev. John M. Galbreath Chestnut Level, Pa. 



COMMITTEE ON COLLEGIATE DEPARTMENT. 

Rev. Thomas McCauley, D. D Chester, Pa. 

Rev. Nathan G. Parke, D. D Pittston, Pa. 

Rev. George S. Mott, D. D Flemington, N. J. 

Rev. Wm. H. Holliday, D. D Brooklyn, N. Y. 



COMMITTEE ON THEOLOGICAL DEPARTMENT. 

Rev. Stephen W. Dana, D. D Philadelphia, Pa. 

Rev. Henry E. Niles, D. D York, Pa. 

Rev. George T. Purves, D. D Princeton, N. J. 

Rev. John M. Galbreath Chestnut Level, Pa. 



INVESTING COMMITTEE. 

Rev. William R. Bingham, D. D Oxford, Pa. 

Walter Carter, Esq New York. 

William H. Scott, Esq Germantown, Pa. 

Charles B. Adamson, Esq Germantown, Pa. 



OFFICERS OF INSTRUCTION AND 
GOVERNMENT. 



Rev. ISAAC N. RENDALL, D. D., 

Mary Warder Dickey President of Lincoln University. 

Rev. GILBERT T. WOODHULL, D. D., 

Charles Avery Professor of Classical and Hellenistic Greek and 
New Testament Literature. 

Rev. JOHN B. RENDALL, A. M., 

John H. Cassidy Professor of Classical and Ecclesiastical Latin and 
Principal of the Preparatory Department. 

J. CRAIG MILLER, M. D., 

Wm. A. Holliday Professor ot Natural Science. 

Rev. ROBERT LAIRD STEWART, D. D., 

Professor of Pastoral Theology, Evidences of Christianity, and 
Biblical Antiquities. 

Rev. I. ASPINWALL HODGE, D. D., 

Mrs. David Brown Professor of Instruction in the English Version of the Bible. 

WALTER L. WRIGHT, Jr., A. M., 

Reuben J. Flick Professor of Mathematics and Librarian. 

Rev. WILLIAM DEAS KERSWILL, B. D., 

Henry A. Kerr Professor of Hebrew and History. 

Rev. GEORGE B. CARR, A. M., 

Wm. E. Dodge Professor of Rhetoric. 

Rev. WILLIAM R. BINGHAM, D. D., 

John C. Baldwin Instructor of Systematic Theology. 

PERRY W. SEWELL, A. B., 

Instructor in Greek. 




1. MARY DOD BROWN CHAPEL. 3. CRESSON HALL. 

2. LINCOLN HALL. 4. HOUSTON HALL. 

5. UNIVERSITY HALL. 



GENERAL INFORMATION 



ADHISSION AND ATTENDANCE. 

Every applicant for admission must present evidence of 
good moral character; and if from any other institution, a 
certificate of honorable dismission from the proper author- 
ities. 

After passing satisfactory examinations in the studies re- 
quired for admission to the Freshman or any superior class, 
the candidate for admission shall matriculate, by subscribing 
to the laws of the University and by the payment of a ma- 
triculation fee of three dollars. 

All students in the University are required to attend daily 
prayers, religious services on the Lord's day, and such exer- 
cises of instruction and recitation as may be assigned to them. 

Students regularly advanced with their classes in the courses 
of study are required to return promptly to the University at 
the opening of the session. 

AID AND SELF=SUPPORT. 

Lincoln University was founded to bring the benefits of a 
liberal Christian education within the reach of worthy colored 
young men. 

This end is promoted here by providing convenient build- 
ings for study and residence, where young men who comply 
with the conditions of admission are welcomed and made 
comfortable, and by the diligent training of the students in 
all the parts of such an education. 

All the income of the Institution, from endowment and 
from annual contributions, is used in favor of the students to 
keep the necessary charges for instruction and for living down 
to the lowest possible figure. The benefits provided here are 

(7) 



8 CATALOGUE OF LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 

within the reach of all who are willing to combine self-support 
with aid. 

In this Institution the college bill is only $121.50. 

Every charge in the college bill is essential. If the full 
amount is not paid by the students or for them, the benevolent 
fund supplied by the friends of the work must be divided among 
a smaller number. Any student using more than his necessities 
require is taking funds for his own uses to which others have 
a better claim. His expensive or wasteful habits keep some 
other young man in ignorance, and prevent, perhaps, a better 
workman than himself from entering the harvest field. To 
take any amount of such benevolent funds in excess of strict 
necessity is selfish and dishonest. No good man will gratify 
his own pride or indolence at the expense of another man's 
usefulness. No student could be regarded as a friend of the 
colored people who would for his own enjoyment hinder other 
willing workers from the preparation which would give them 
the opportunity of usefulness. 

Each student is under obligations of fairness and honor 
and honesty, and also of benevolence, to do all he can to sup- 
port himself, and thus aid others who are equally with himself 
deserving of encouragement. 

PERSONAL EXPENSES. 

An exact estimate of the personal expenses of a student, 
above what is included in the session bills, cannot be made. 

He must have text books for each year of the course. 

He must have a lamp, and supply it with oil, to add the 
evenings to the days of study. 

The purchase and repair of clothing is a recurring necessity. 

He cannot travel to and from the University without money 
to pay his fare. 

If he becomes sick there is the doctor's bill and the ex- 
pense of medicine. 

The literary societies justly require annual contributions. 

The University cannot aid the student in these expenses 
either by gifts or loans. 



CATALOGUE OF LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 9 

It is not the purpose of its patrons to relieve the student 
from the necessity of making provision for his own personal 
wants. 

Herein especially they exact his co-operation. 

Each student must provide beforehand to meet these neces- 
sities, or they will distress him. 

His indifference or carelessness procures his suffering. 

He should carefully estimate them, and write them down 
and sum them up, and keep the aggregate before his thoughts. 

And besides securing home assistance, he should be indus- 
trious in his vacations to increase his honest earnings in every 
lawful way, and should honorably save them for these uses. 
To spend his earnings in superfluities or in extravagances is 
to squander them and to barter his education for his enjoy- 
ments. 

After every effort and economy he will not escape the dis- 
cipline of want. In enduring this discipline he is practicing a 
virtue. 

A manly struggle will help to subdue pride and cultivate 
self-reliance and trust in God. 

In a student struggling with poverty for an education any 
luxurious indulgence is a disabling vice. He must conquer 
it or it will cripple him in his equipments and in his powers. 

His wise friends may sympathize with him in his trials, but 
they will not excuse him from the acquisition of self-denial, 
and thereby of self-control. 

The common judgment is that he who will not endure 

THE TRIAL IS NOT WORTH THE HELP. 

Cigarette smoking is prohibited. 

All smoking in the halls and public rooms is forbidden. 

The whole tobacco habit is discouraged. 

The use of distilled or fermented liquors is prohibited. 

Many benevolent friends of the Negro are co-operating with 
the Trustees and Faculty in providing aid for those who will 
use their education for the good of others. Careful discrimi- 
nation is exercised in directing this aid to individuals, so as 
not to weaken the sense of personal responsibility and self- 
reliance. Those who can pay their own bills have only to 



IO 



CATALOGUE OF LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 



comply with the regulations and they will be admitted to the 
standing in the classes for which their previous training has 
fitted them ; but no earnest young man of good abilities and 
good moral character should be discouraged from seeking the 
advantages which are here offered. Applicants should apply 
for admission to the President, or to some member of the 
Faculty, and state in their application their purpose in seeking 
an education, what progress they have made in study, and 
their ability to meet the expenses of education. 

BOARDING. 

The students board in clubs, or in boarding houses adjacent 
to the University. The cost of board cannot be fixed at an 
unvarying rate from year to year. During the current year 
board has been furnished for eight dollars per month. 

LIBRARY. 

The library contains about fourteen thousand bound vol- 
umes, and four thousand magazines and miscellaneous pamph- 
lets. 

The reading room, which is open every day (except Sab- 
baths), is supplied with a number of daily and weekly papers 
and monthly and quarterly reviews. 

RESIDENCE OF STUDENTS. 



North Carolina 
Virginia 
Pennsylvania 
South Carolina 
Maryland . 
Georgia 
Arkansas . 
New Jersey 
New York . 
Tennessee . 
Delaware . 



32 
29 
24 
22 
18 



Rhode Island 2 

West Indies 2 

District of Columbia . 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Florida 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Mississippi 

West Africa 

Texas 



CATALOGUE OF LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. II 



CALENDAR. 

The academical year is divided into two sessions. A recess 
of one week is taken in the second session. 

Thirty-ninth Academical Year. 

First Session Collegiate Department ...... September 24th, 1896. 

First Session Theological Department October 29th, 1896. 

Close of First Session December 24th, 1896. 

WINTER VACATION. 

December 19th, 1895 — January 2d, 1896. 

Opening of Second Session in all Departments . January 7th, 1897. 

Recess in current year April 2d to 9th, 1896. 

Senior Final Examinations May 1st to 8th, 1896. 

Senior Final Theological Examinations May 1st to 4th, 1896. 

Annual Examinations, both Departments .... May 21st to 27th, 1896. 

Annual Sermon to the Theological Students by 
Rev. Theodore L. Cuyler, D.D., of Brooklyn, 
N. Y May 24th, 1896. 

Anniversary of Philosophian Society May 28th, 1896. 

Anniversary of Garnet Literary Association . . . May 29th, 1896. 

Baccalaureate Sermon May 31st, 1896. 

Annual Meeting of Board of Trustees June 1st, 1896. 

Class Day June 1st, 1896. 

Junior Contest June 1st, 1896. 

Commencement in the Theological Department . 10 A. M., June 2d, '96. 

Commencement in the Collegiate Department . . 2 P. M., June 2d, 1896. 

sunriER VACATION. 

Collegiate Department June 3d to September 24th, 1896. 

Theological Department June 3d to October 29th, 1896. 

Fortieth Academical Year. 
Entrance Examinations September 23d, 1896. 



COLLEGIATE DEPARTHENT. 

First Session opens September 24th, 1896. 

First Session Theological Department opens . . October 29th, 1896. 
First Session closes December 24th, 1896. 



COLLEGIATE DEPARTMENT. 



FACULTY OF ARTS. 

Rev. ISAAC N. RENDALL, D. D., President. 

Logic, Psychology, and Ethics. 

Rev. GILBERT T. WOODHULL, D. D., 

Charles Avery Professor of Greek. 

Rev. JOHN B. RENDALL, A. M., Dean of College Faculty, 

John H. Cassidy Professor of Latin. 

J. CRAIG MILLER, M.D., 

William A. Holliday Professor of Natural Science. 

Rev. J. ASPINWALL HODGE, D. D., 

Mrs. David Brown Professor of Biblical Instruction. 

WALTER L. WRIGHT, Jr., A.M., Registrar, 

Reuben J. Flick Professor of Mathematics. 

Rev. WILLIAM DEAS KERSWILL, B. D., 

Henry A. Kerr Professor of History. 

Rev. GEORGE B. CARR, A. M., Librarian, 

William E. Dodge Professorship oi Rhetoric. 

PERRY W. SEWELL, A.B., 

Instructor in Greek. 



CATALOGUE OF LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 1 3 



STUDENTS. 



SENIOR CLASS. 

Theodore A. Auten Somerville, N. J. 

Thomas F. Bampfield Charleston, S. C. 

Julian J. Benton Augusta, Ga. 

Hugh M. Burkett Baltimore, Md. 

James W. Dawkins . Carlisle, S. C. 

Coleman E. Gibson Winston, N. C. 

Lexius H. Harper Augusta, Ga. 

Walter F. Hawkins Port Deposit, Md. 

James A. Hilliard Monticello, Ark. 

Morris H. Key Baltimore, Md. 

Bollie Levister , , . Franklinton, N. C. 

William H. Randolph Coles Ferry, Va. 

Charles H. Roberts Louisburg, N. C. 

Robert H. Scott Fayetteville, N. C. 

Aaron H. Thomasson Monticello, Ark. 

*John E. Tice Danville, Ky. 

William C. Todd Petersburg, Va. 

James D. Turner Baltimore, Md. 

Pink W. Watson Palmer, Tex. 

Matthew T. Whittico Ridgeway, Va. 

Isaac E. Wilson Norfolk, Va. 

William G. Wilson Abbeville, Va. 

* Special Course. 



14 CATALOGUE OF LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 



JUNIOR CLASS. 

Herbert G. Barrows Oxford, Pa. 

Edward E. Barry Oxford, Pa. 

Harry M. Collins Oxford, Pa. 

Samuel J. Comfort Philadelphia, Pa. 

John A. Davis Winnsborough, S. C. 

James A. Deveaux Beaufort, S. C. 

George E. Dickerson . Wenonah, N.J. 

Darius L. Donnell Lincoln University, Pa. 

* Isaac H. Dorsey York, Pa. 

William Drewry Martinsville, Va. 

Edward E. Edgell Beaufort, S. C. 

Samuel H. Eggleton Martinsville, Va. 

John B. Exum Eureka, N. C. 

Joel T. Fuller Franklinton, N. C. 

John B. Gardner Cobham, Va. 

* Emmet D. Gully Hot Springs, Ark. 

Thomas H. Jackson Baltimore, Md. 

* Charles H. Male St. Kitt's, W. I. 

George S. Miller Thebes, Ga. 

* Albert K. Peabody Little Bassa, W. Africa. 

Middleton E. Pickens Winnsborough, S. C. 

Emile J. Ravennah Gillisonville, S. C. 

Samuel T. Redd Martinsville, Va. 

Lewis W. Richie Abbeville, S. C. 

Clarence A. Robinson Beaufort, S. C. 

William W. Sanders Martinsville, Va. 

William M. Slowe Philadelphia, Pa. 

William H. Spann Sumter, S. G 

Isaac R. Strawbridge New London, Pa. 

James T. Suggs Wilson, N. C. 

Jeremiah C. Swann Lothian, Md. 

William W. Walker Palatka, Fla. 

John A. White Suffolk, Va. 

John H. Williams Brooklyn, N. Y. 

* Special Course. 



CATALOGUE OF LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 1 5 



SOPHOHORE CLASS. 

Rufus L. Alexander Huntersville, N. C. 

Johnson F. Blair Augusta, Ga. 

Orabia M. Bonfield Jamaica, W. I. 

Cabell Calloway, Jr Baltimore, Md. 

James A. Carter Augusta, Ga. 

Walter F. Cowan Cotton Plant, Ark. 

Charles S. Diggs Tallula, Miss. 

John H. Dwelle Augusta, Ga. 

George F. Evans Philadelphia, Pa. 

Samuel Fisher Portsmouth, Va. 

Robert M. Gill Wyatt, N. C. 

Samuel Gray Baltimore, Md. 

Robert S. Holliday Fayetteville, N. C. 

John Huff Hollidaysburg, Pa. 

* Walter A. James Montclair, N.J. 

Alfred O. Keen Danville, Va. 

John H. Matthewson Tarboro, N. C. 

Harry A. Mauch Coleraine, Pa. 

Samuel S. McKinney Kirkseys, S. C. 

Raymond W. Mosely Camden, N. J. 

Walter Penn Chestnut Knob, Va. 

William Robinson Lamar, La. 

Horatio W. Russell Oxford, Pa. 

Edward J. Smith Savannah, Ga. 

John H. Smythe Augusta, Ga. 

Edward B. Terry Reading, Pa. 

Ulysses V. Thompson Baltimore, Md. 

Beverly M. Ward Ordinary, Va. 

John V. Whittico Chestnut Knob, Va. 

Edward H. Wilson Pine Bluff, Ark. 

Alfred A. Wright Baltimore, Md. 



Special Course. 



l6 CATALOGUE OF LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 



FRESHHAN CLASS. 

Walter G. Alexander Lynchburg, Va. 

William T. Amtger Geneseo, N. Y. 

Richard H. Blount Asheville, N. C. 

*James E. Branch Lynchburg, Va. 

James Vergil Burbage Salisbury, Md. 

James A. Burwell Williamsboro, N. ( 

James G. Carlile Philadelphia, Pa. 

Virginius N. Carney Portsmouth, Va. 

Charles J. Carter Reading, Pa. 

William B. Catus Laurinburg, N. C. 

James F. Chafin Danville, Va. 

George L. Davis Indianapolis, Ind. 

Isaac J. B. Dennis Pittsburgh, Pa. 

George W. Ellis Wilson, N. C. 

William D. Feaster Feasterville, N. C. 

William H. Fuller Franklinton, N. C. 

Arthur G. Harrison Statesville, N. C. 

Louis H. Gearing Baltimore, Md. 

EltjahJ. Gregg Sumter, S. C. 

Raymond B. Harper Augusta, Ga. 

Henry I. Hudgins Portsmouth, Va. 

William H. Jenkins Culpepper, Va. 

Louis R. W. Johnson Staunton, Va. 

Richard P. Johnson Jetersville, Va. 

Cvesar P. McLendon McCrory, Ark. 

George B. Miller Gabriel, R. I. 

John H. Miller Grahamville, S. C. 

George W. Obie Chicago, 111. 

Edward R. Richardson Woodstown, N. J. 

John S. Rossell Monticello, Ark. 

George S. Stark Baltimore, Md. 

Henry E. Turner : . Easton, Md. 

Richard H. Wallace Wilmington, Del. 

Arthur R. Webb Fayetteville, N. C. 

John U. Wilson Pine Bluff, Ark. 



: Special Course. 



CATALOGUE OF LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. \J 

REGULATIONS. 

The course of study in the Collegiate Department occupies 
four years. 

Applicants for the Freshman Class must be at least fifteen 
years of age. 

Candidates for advanced standing will be examined in the 
studies previously pursued by the class which they propose to 
enter. 

At the end of each session public examinations of all 
the classes are held. Absence from an examination, except 
for sufficient reason, sustained by vote of the Faculty, will be 
regarded as a serious delinquency, and cannot be made good 
by any subsequent examination. 

At the close of each year all the classes are examined, 
either orally or in writing, in the studies of that year. 

The rank of a student in his class depends on his grade in 
his recitations and examinations ; on his punctuality and con- 
stancy in attendance upon all exercises of instruction ; and 
on his deportment and character in all his relations as a stu- 
dent. 

At the close of the Senior year the members of the Senior 
Class are examined in the studies of the whole course. 

In determining the final rank of a Senior his grade in the 
final Senior examination is combined with the final grades of 
the previous collegiate years. 

COnriENCEflENT, 1896. 

The Junior contest will take place on the first day of June, 
at 3 P. M. 

The Annual Commencement will take place on the second 
day of June, at 2 P. M. 

On Commencement day the members of the Senior Class 
to whom orations are assigned speak in the order of their 
rank ; except that the valedictorian, who is chosen from the 
highest third of the class, arranged according to the rank of 
the members, delivers the closing address. 



1 8 CATALOGUE OF LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 

Special honorary orations are assigned at the discretion of 
the Faculty to members of the Senior Class who may have 
excelled in particular branches of study. 

Students who complete the whole course of collegiate study 
satisfactorily to the Faculty and Board of Trustees will re- 
ceive the degree of Bachelor of Arts, and may obtain a di- 
ploma certifying their graduation. 

All degrees authorized by the Board of Trustees are an- 
nounced by the Secretary of the Board and conferred by the 
President of the University during the progress of the Com- 
mencement exercises. 

The collegiate year closes with the exercises on Commence- 
ment day and is followed by the Summer vacation. 

EXAniNATION FOR ENTRANCE TO THE FRESHHAN 

CLASS. 

English Orthography ; Grammar ; Composition. 

Latin Grammar (Allen and Greenough). 

Greek Grammar (Goodwin). 

Mathematics Arithmetic, including Fractions, Percentage, 

Proportion, and Square Root. Algebra, as 

far as Fractions. 

Bible Genesis, and the Gospel according to Mark. 

History United States. 

Geography Descriptive Geography. 



COURSE OF STUDY 



FRESHHAN CLASS. 

FIRST SESSION. 

English Higher Grammar and Analysis ; Bunyan's Pil- 
grim's Progress. 

Latin Latin Lessons (Leighton) ; Caesar ; Gallic War. 

Greek Grammar (Goodwin) ; Greek Lessons (Leigh- 
ton). 

Mathematics Algebra (Wells' University), through Fractions. 

Bible Pentateuch. 

History Great Events of the History of the World : 

Freeman's General Sketch. 

SECOND SESSION. 

English Bunyan, continued ; Etymology ; Synonyms. 

Essays both terms. 

Latin Sallust : Conspiracy of Cataline. 

Greek Greek Lessons (Leighton) ; Xenophon ; Ana- 
basis. 

Mathematics Algebra, through Quadratics. 

Bible Pentateuch. 

History Freeman's General Sketch, completed. 

SOPHOriORE CLASS. 

FIRST SESSION. 

r. 

English Philology ; Milton's Paradise Lost. 

Latin Cicero : Orations ; Roman History. 

Greek Xenophon : Anabasis. 

Mathematics Algebra, completed. 

Bible Historical Books. 

History English History (Green). 

Physical Geography . Guyot's Physical Geography. 
Physics Dynamics ; Mechanics ; Hydraulics ; Pneu- 
matics. 

SECOND SESSION. 

English • English Composition : Milton, continued. 

Essays both terms. 

Latin Virgil : JEne'id ; Mythology. 

Greek Xenophon : Memorabilia. 

Mathematics Plane Geometry (Wells), Books I. and II. 

Bible Historical Books. 

History Green's English History, completed. 

Physical Geography . Guyot's Physical Geography, completed. 
Physics Electricity ; Acoustics ; Thermody ; Optics. 

(19) 



20 CATALOGUE OF LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 

JUNIOR CLASS. 

FIRST SESSION. 

English Rhetoric : Trench on Words. 

Latin Horace : Versification. 

Greek Xenophon : Memorabilia. 

Mathematics .... Geometry, completed. 

Bible . Historical Books. 

Natural Science . .Chemistry: Inorganic, Non-Metals. Physiology: 
Osseous, Respiratory, Muscular, Circulatory. 
Philosophy McCosh's Logic. 

SECOND SESSION. 

English English Literature to Shakespeare : Hamlet ; 

Elocution. Essays both terms. 

Latin Tacitus: Germania. 

Greek Homer : Odyssey. 

Mathematics .... Trigonometry : General Formulae and Solu 
tion of Triangles. 

Bible Historical Books. 

Natural Science . .Chemistry: Metals; Chemistry of the Hydro- 
carbons. Philosophy : Digestion ; Secretion ; 
Nervous System ; Special Sense. 

Philosophy ..... McCosh's Logic. 

SENIOR CLASS. 

FIRST SESSION. 

English English Literature : Essays and Reviews. 

Latin Selections from various authors. 

Greek Plato : Crito. 

Mathematics .... Trigonometry, completed, and Surveying. 

Bible Poetical Books. 

Natural Science . . Geology. 

Psychology Cognition : the Emotions. 

SECOND SESSION. 

English English Literature ; American Literature ; Elo- 
cution. Essays both terms. 

'Latin Prose Composition ; Thesis. 

Greek Plato : Lysias ; Greek New Testament. 

Mathematics .... Analytic Geometry. 

Bible Poetical Books ; New Testament. 

Natural Science . . Astronomy. 

Psychology The Will ; Ethics. 

Political Science . . Political Economy. 



CATALOGUE OF LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 21 

ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE. 

The student on entering the Freshman Class must be well 
acquainted with the essentials of English Grammar. 

Bunyan, Milton, and Shakespeare are taken as representa- 
tive English authors, and during the Freshman, Sophomore, 
and Junior years selections from their works are studied with 
the care usually bestowed on the Latin and Greek classics. 
This course is accompanied by full instruction, with exercises 
in higher Grammar, Philology, and Rhetoric. 

During the latter half of the Junior year and throughout 
the Senior year the history of English Literature is studied by 
text book, along with lectures and direct examination, of the 
standard English authors of all ages. Essays are required 
from time to time. 

LOGIC. 

Special attention is paid to the nature and formation of 
notions, as the materials of which judgments are made up, 
and upon the proper use of which the correctness of reason- 
ing depends. 

Until the student has attained a good degree of facility in 
apprehending concrete objects by the whole assemblage of 
their various inhering, and especially of their characteristic 
qualities, the mind cannot hold its perceptions in any har- 
mony of thought, nor use them with a correct discrimination 
of their congruities and incongruities. The fact of the conjunc- 
tion of different qualities in the same physical object cognized 
by the different senses, and of the union of several elements 
in a complex object of thought differentiated by cognitive per- 
ception, is made familiar by holding such physical objects 
before the attention for a full survey, and by exacting a 
careful analysis of such complex abstracts as responsibility, 
wisdom, liberty. This introduction to Logic is taught in the 
first session of the Junior year. Dr. McCosh's Logic is 
used as a text book, and the students are trained in the line 
of his distinctions to form and improve the notions which 
they must use in all judgments. 

In the second session the students are exercised in the 



22 CATALOGUE OF LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 

analyses and transformations to which propositions are sub- 
jected as the data of immediate reasoning, and in order to their 
interpretation as premises to be employed in argument. 

The logical acumen and skill of the students is promoted 
by exercises in common fallacies, and by the discussion of 
topics of current interest. And he is trained in the application 
of the laws of thought to the common maxims and judgments 
of men. 

PSYCHOLOGY. 

The course in Psychology includes all that is embraced in 
the cognitions, the emotions, the will, and the moral power. 
In conducting this important and extensive department of 
study a wide and judicious range of reading is favored. 

The various topics are discussed in lectures and in oral 
examinations in the class room. The doctrine of the reality 
of existence and of the legitimate certainty of human knowl- 
edge is strenuously taught, and it is believed that the students 
become well grounded in the conviction that the data of con- 
sciousness are not less valid as a foundation for mental science 
than are the data of sense perception for physical science. 

All cognition is held to be intuitive, whether in the form of 
sense perception or self perception, or of the abstract percep- 
tions, such as space and time ; and the conviction of reality in 
each of these spheres of cognition to be equally rational and 
obligatory. 

The emotions are studied in the three natural classes as 
language presents them and consciousness recognizes and 
distinguishes them. First, the responsive emotions, spontane- 
ous but unwelcome, in such groups as those of fear, sorrow, 
and shame ; second, the stimulative emotions, spontaneous 
and cherished, in such groups as those of anger, pride ; third, 
the desiderate emotions, spontaneous and appetent, in such 
groups as those of cupidity, hate, hope, and love. 

The will is studied psychologically rather than ethically, as 
manifesting its nature in all acts of human decision,* judgmati- 
cally, preferentially, and purposively. 

In all these departments of study the main object is to 
familiarize the students with the facts of his mental life, in the 



CATALOGUE OF LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 23 

confidence that no agnostical or skeptical theory can find place 
where the real facts are clearly known and competently under- 
stood. 

flORAL SCIENCE. 

The departments of Psychology lead to Moral Science as 
their noblest application. Here the student is directed to 
study and apply the law of right and duty as resting on the 
authority of God ; whose will, revealed in whatever way, is 
the law both of all opinion and of all obedience, and is as un- 
changeable as His holy character. 

THE ENGLISH BIBLE. 

The Authorized Version of the English Bible is studied by 
all the classes in all the departments of the University. The 
minion i2mo. reference edition of the American Bible Society 
is an inexpensive and suitable text book. The student needs 
also Cruden's Concordance, unabridged, and a reliable Bible 
Dictionary. 

For admission to the Freshman Class applicants are re- 
quired to pass a satisfactory examination in Genesis and the 
Gospel of Mark. 

During the collegiate years the course of study embraces 
the historical and poetical portions of the Bible and New 
Testament. Special attention is given to the mutual relations 
of the several books, and especially then- presentations of the 
different aspects of one plan of salvation by Jesus Christ. The 
committing of Scripture to memory is regarded as an im- 
portant part of the course. 

HATHEHATICS. 

The Freshman year and the first term of the Sophomore 
year are devoted to the study of Algebra. The text book is 
Wells' University Algebra. 

In Geometry special emphasis is laid upon the demonstra- 
tion of original theorems and problems. 

The essential principles of Trigonometry are carefully 
studied, together with their application to the measurement 
of heights and the surveying of land. Instruction is given 



24 CATALOGUE OF LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 

in the practical use of surveying instruments, including the 
determination of heights and the measurement of areas. 

The course in Analytic Geometry includes the study of 
the subject as given in Briggs' or Wentworth's Analytic 
Geometry. 

NATURAL SCIENCE. 

The studies at present embraced in this department are 
Physiology, Natural Philosophy, Chemistry, Physical Geogra- 
phy, Geology, and Astronomy. 

Physiology and the allied sciences, Anatomy and Hygiene, 
are taught by lectures with the aid of a text book, and illus- 
trated by skeleton, plates, casts, and microscope. It is the 
design of the instructor to give a course which will be of prac- 
tical use to the students in after life. 

Natural Philosophy and Chemistry are taught as much as 
possible by means of experiments with Physical and Chemical 
appliances. 

The course on Physical Geography is such as is usually 
given in colleges. 

In Geology and Astronomy the aim is to teach the student 
as much as is usually known of these branches by educated 
persons, and sufficient to furnish a groundwork for further 
attainments, should any see fit to pursue them further. 

HISTORY. 

In the Freshman year a study is made of the general history 
of the world from the beginning of ancient history to the 
present century. The aim of this course is to make the map 
of history stand out clearly before each student, so that he may 
not only have a comprehensive view of the history of the 
world as a whole, but also a distinct idea of the relative and 
causal connection between the great events of history. The 
text book used is Freeman's General Sketch. 

In the Sophomore Class the History of England is studied. 
Special attention is given to tracing the great social, political, 
and religious movements which have affected the English 
people, and have left a permanent mark upon their life and 
institutions. The text book used is J. R. Green's " Short 
History of the English People." 



CATALOGUE OF LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 25 

CLASSICAL GREEK. 

Instruction in this department extends through the whole 
collegiate course. Special effort is made in the later years 
of the course to rise above details of construction to the criti- 
cism of the thought and style of the authors read, and to se- 
cure to the student the advantages of exactness and precision 
in his own thinking, and of readiness and propriety in ex- 
pression. 

LATIN. 

The authors read are Csesar, Sallust, Virgil, Horace, Cicero, 
and Tacitus. The course also includes Mythology, Roman 
History, Arnold's Latin Prose Composition, and selections 
from various authors. 

The students in the early part of their course are thor- 
oughly drilled in the analysis of sentences and grammatical 
structure. After this the questions are largely philological, 
and derivation receives special attention. 

When the poetic authors are reached the students give at- 
tention to versification. The rhetorical suggestions of Hor- 
ace and Cicero are noted. 

Thus the various departments of instruction are made to 
help each other. The latter portions of the course furnish 
occasion to bring out the style and spirit of their authors. 

HONORS FOR THE YEAR 1894=95. 

The Junior Contest took place in Livingstone Hail, on 

Tuesday, June 3d, 1894. The contestants appointed by the 

Faculty were as follows : — 

Julian J. Benton Georgia. 

Aaron A. Thomasson Arkansas. 

William C. Todd Virginia. 

James D. Turner • . . Maryland. 

Isaac E. Wilson Virginia. 

William G. Wilson Virginia. 

The first prize, a gold medal, marked "A," was awarded to 
William G. Wilson, Virginia. 

The second prize, a gold medal, marked " B," was awarded 
to James D. Turner, Maryland. 



26 CATALOGUE OF LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 

The Bradley medal, for highest average grade in Natural 
Science during the Senior year, was awarded to Charles B. 
Dunbar, of Liberia. 

COnflENCEflENT APPOINTMENTS. 

CLASS OF 1895. 

Mississippi .... Valedictorian Emeritus. 



Albert R. Rankin . 
Henry P. Butler . . 
Jerry M. Brum field 
Charles B. Dunbar 
James H. McNeil . . 
John W. Bird .... 
William P. Todd . . 
Charles W. William 
John H. Wilson . . . 
William E. Griffin 
Cain P. Cole .... 



. South Carolina . . Latin Salutatory. 

. Kentucky Valedictory. 

. Liberia ...... Scientific Oration. 

. North Carolina . . Astronomical Oration. 

. Delaware Biblical Oration. 

. Virginia Mathematical Oration. 

. Georgia Historical Oration. 

. Virginia Philosophical Oration. 

. Maryland Classical Oration. 

. South Carolina . . Rhetorical Oration. 



The degree of A. B., in course, was conferred on the fol- 
lowing members of the Senior Class. Their names are printed 
in the order of their rank : — 

Albert R. Rankin . Mississippi. 

Henry P. Butler South Carolina. 

Jerry M. Brumfield Kentucky. 

Charles B. Dunbar Liberia. 

James H. McNeil North Carolina. 

John W. Bird Delaware. 

William P. Todd Virginia. 

Charles W. Williams Georgia. 

John H. Wilson Virginia. 

William E. Griffin Maryland. 

Cain B. Cole South Carolina. 

Mack D. Coley- North Carolina. 

Louis W. Oliver Maryland. 

Hyman C. Smith Delaware. 

Charles G. Cummings Maryland. 

James E. Harper South Carolina. 

Thomas J. Crawford Tennessee. 

Thomas M. Thomas South Carolina. 

Harry W. Calloway Maryland. 

William Ellis Virginia. 

William O. Fields Arkansas. 

Filmore Clarkson Pennsylvania. 

Walter J. Scott Pennsylvania. 

Charles H. Hynson Maryland. 



CATALOGUE OF LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 2/ 

Walter Mason Pennsylvania. 

Wallace L. Goodridge Pennsylvania. 

William B. Stitt North Carolina. 

John C. Brock Pennsylvania. 

Thomas J. Blaikey Kentucky. 

William H. Potts Maryland. 

Albert L. Tolbert South Carolina. 

William R. Dickerson New Jersey. 

Henry C. Lassiter North Carolina. 

William D. McKenzie North Carolina. 

Jacob R. Howard Maryland. 

John S. Prigg Pennsylvania. 

Turner G. Williamson North Carolina. 

^EXPENSES. 

First Session. 

Tuition $1000 

Coal 5 00 

Furniture 2 50 

Library 1 00 

Board and washing 31 50 



Second Session. 

Tuiton $15 00 

Coal 8 00 

Furniture 2 50 

Library 1 00 

Board and washing ... 45 00 



$50 00 



7i 5o 

$121 50 



LITERARY SOCIETIES. 



There are two Literary Societies, the Garnet Literary Asso- 
ciation and the Philosophian Society, to one of which every 
student in the college belongs. They meet every Friday 
evening in their respective halls for current business and for 
literary exercises, consisting of essays, orations, and debates. 
These societies secure an admirable training in self-restraint 
and self-command, in parliamentary procedure, and in aptness 
in studied and impromptu speech. All the members are re- 
quired to take part in these exercises. The Societies are 
governed by laws adopted by themselves, and administered 
by officers chosen from their own members, under the gen- 
eral supervision of the Faculty of Arts. 

* The introduction of electric light may cause a change in the aggregate of the 
annual charges in all departments. 



PREPARATORY DEPARTMENT 



The Preparatory Department has not been opened during the cur- 
rent year. 

A number of preparatory schools have succeeded in preparing some 
of their better scholars for entrance to the College Classes of Lincoln 
University. 



THEOLOGICAL DEPARTMENT. 



FACULTY OF THEOLOGY. 



Rev. ISAAC N. RENDALL, D. D., President, 

Christian Ethics. 

Rev. GILBERT T. WOODHULL, D. D., 

Charles Avery Professor of Greek and New Testament Literature. 

Rev. J. ASPINWALL HODGE, D. D., 

Mrs. David Brown Professor of Instruction in the English Version of the Bible. 

Rev. ROBERT LAIRD STEWART, D. D., 

Professor of Pastoral Theology, Evidences of Christianity, and Biblical Archaeology. 

Rev. WILLIAM DEAS KERSWILL, B. D., 
Dean of Theological Faculty, 

Henry A. Kerr Professor of Hebrew and Church History. 

Rev. JOHN B. RENDALL, A. M., 

Professor of Ecclesiastical Latin. 



Rev. GEORGE B. CARR, A. M., 

William E. Dodge Professor of Sacred Rhetoric. 

Rev. WILLIAM R. BINGHAM, D. D., 

John C. Baldwin Instructor of Systematic Theology. 



STUDENTS. 



SENIOR CLASS. 

^Albert Barnes Washington, D. C. 

Biddle University. 
tWiLLiAM H. Clark, A. B. ........ Wilson, N. C. 

Lincoln University, '93. 
Stephen C. Doby, Camden, S. C. 

Lincoln University. 
*William Edwards, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Brooklyn High School. 
William H. Freeland, A. B Mebane, N. C. 

Lincoln University, '93. 
|Alonso S. Gray, A. B. . . . Enterprise, S. C. 

Lincoln University, '93. 
John H. Hayswood, A. B Louisburg, N. C. 

Lincoln University, '93. 
Albert Sydney Long, A. B Franklinton, N. C. 

Lincoln University, '91. 
*Mills R. Roscoe, Gatesville, N. C. 

Hampton Normal. 

HIDDLE CLASS. 

George R. Brabham, A. B Beaufort, S. C. 

Lincoln University '94. 
George E. Cesar, A. B. . . . Maysville, S. C. 

Biddle University, '93. 
Augustus S. Clark,. A. B Wilson, N. C. 

Lincoln University, '94. 
Frank M. Hyder, A. B Johnson City, Tenn. 

Lincoln University, '94. 

*Alonzo Jason Hockessin, Del. 

Thomas Jefferson, A. B Staunton, Va. 

Lincoln University, '94. 
Samuel W. Johnson, A. B Marietta, Pa. 

Lincoln University, '94. 
Thomas H. Lackland, Farmville, Va. 

Lincoln University. 
Stephen D. Leak, A. B Troy, N. C. 

Lincoln University, '94. 
John H. Locklier, A. B New York City. 

Lincoln University, '89. 
Oscar H. Massey, A. B Allegheny, Pa. 

Lincoln University, '94. 
Charles H. Morton, A. B Staunton, Va. 

Lincoln University, '94. 
Charles S. Oliver, A. B Baltimore, Md. 

Lincoln University, '94. 
Samuel A. Penn, A. B Chestnut Knob, Va. 

Lincoln University, '94. 

* English Course, 
t Student in Arabic. 

(30) 



CATALOGUE OF LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 3 1 

Perry W. Sevvall, A. B Baltimore, Md. 

Lincoln University, '94. 
William H. Thomas, A. B. . . Providence, R. I. 

Lincoln University, '94. 
William O. White, A. B Baltimore, Md. 

Lincoln University, '94. 

JUNIOR CLASS. 

Henry P. Butler, A. B Aiken, S. C. 

Lincoln University, '95. 
Edward B. Clarkson, A. B Orangeburg, S. C. 

Lincoln University, '95. 
Cain P. Cole, A. B Aiken, S. C. 

Lincoln University, '95. 
Thomas J. Crawford, A. B. . . Jonesboro, Tenn. 

Lincoln University, '95. 
James H. Curtiss, . . Amelia, Va. 

Virginia Collegiate Institute. 
Wallace L. Goodridge, A. B Wrightsville, Pa. 

Lincoln University, '95. 
William E. Griffin, A. B Baltimore, Md. 

Lincoln University, '95. 
James E. Harper, A. B Abbeville, S. C. 

Lincoln University, '95. 
Jacob R. Howard, A. B Baltimore, Md. 

Lincoln University, '95. 
Peter P.Johnson, Franklinton, N. C. 

Lincoln University. 
Henry C. Lassiter, A. B Wilson, N. C. 

Lincoln University, '95. 
-*John W. Lee Baltimore, Md. 

Baltimore Normal School. 
Willtam D. McKenzie, A. B Franklinton, N. C. 

Lincoln University, '95. 
Walter Mason, A. B West Chester, Pa. 

Lincoln University, '95. 
William H. Potts, A. B Trappe, Md. 

Lincoln University, '95. 
John S. Prigg, A. B West Chester, Pa. 

Lincoln University, '95. 
*Peter Smith Atlantic City, N. J. 

Wilberforce University, Ohio. 
William B. Stitt, A. B Matthews, N. C. 

Lincoln University, '95. 
Thomas M. Thomas, A. B Orangeburg, S. C. 

Lincoln University, '95. 
Albert L. Tolbert, A. B Robertsville, N. C. 

Lincoln University, '95. 
Paris A. Wallace, A. B . Maryville, Tenn. 

Maryville College, '95. 
^Wilson M. Warrick Phcenixville, Pa. 

Harper's Ferry School. 

* English Course. 



32 CATALOGUE OF LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 

REGULATIONS. 

The course of study in the Theological Department occu- 
pies three years. 

Applicants for admission to the privileges of the Theologi- 
cal Department must present evidence of membership in good 
standing in some Evangelical church. 

Students who complete the full course of theological study 
to the satisfaction of the Faculty and the Board of Trustees 
will receive the degree of Bachelor of Sacred Theology and a 
diploma certifying their graduation. 

All persons not graduates of the Collegiate Department of 
Lincoln University, or of some other collegiate institution, ap- 
plying to be admitted to this department as candidates for the 
degree of S. T. B., must pass a satisfactory examination in the 
collegiate studies. But applicants who have not pursued a 
course of classical training may, at the discretion of the Fac- 
ulty, be admitted to particular classes, or to the English 
course of instruction. Such students, on leaving the Univer- 
sity, will be entitled to certificates in evidence of their attend- 
ance on instruction and of the time spent in study. 

The Academical year is divided into two sessions. At the 
close of the second session the students are examined on the 
studies of the current year. 



COURSE OF STUDY 



JUNIOR YEAR. 

Homiletics Broadus : Sermonizing. 

New Testament . . . General Introduction ; Manuscripts and Canon 
of New Testament ; Harmony of the Gos- 
pels ; New Testament Grammar. 

English Bible .... History of English Version ; Lovett, Printed 
English Bible, and Lectures ; Life of Christ. 

Ecclesiastical Latin. Latin Hymns. 

Systematic Theology. A. A. Hodge: Theology. 

Evidences Introduction to Apologetics ; Philosophy of the 

Plan of Salvation. 

Archaeology Biblical Antiquities (Bissell) ; Sacred Geog- 
raphy. 

Hebrew . Grammar ; Prose ; Genesis. 

Christian Ethics . . Calderwood. 

HIDDLE YEAR. 

Homiletics Analysis of Texts and Sermonizing. 

Greek Testament . . Special Introduction ; Exegesis ; Romans. 

English Bible .... Pauline Epistles. 

Church Government . What is Presbyterian Law ? 

Systematic Theology. Hodge: Anthropology. 

Pastoral Theology . Pastoral Epistles, and Text Book (Hoppin). 

Evidences Natural Theology (Valentine). Historical Evi- 
dences drawn from recent exploration. 

Hebrew Introduction ; The Prophetical Books ; Exe- 
gesis ; Portions of the Prophets. 

Church History . . . Ancient and Mediaeval Periods. 

SENIOR YEAR. 

Homiletics Analysis of Texts and Sermonizing. 

Greek Testament . . Exegesis ; Ephesians ; The Acts. 

English Bible .... Prophecies. 

Church Government . What is Presbyterian Law ? 

Systematic Theology. Hodge : Soteriology and Eschatology. 

Pastoral Theology . Text Book (Hoppin) and Supplementary Lec- 
tures. 

Evidences Dr. Mark Hopkins' Lectures in part. 

Hebrew Introduction ; The Poetical Books ; Exegesis ; 

Psalms. A special class in Arabic. 

Church History . . . The Protestant Reformation to the Present Time. 

Polemics Papal Claims ; Education by the Church, &c 

(33) 



34 CATALOGUE OF LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 

The following English Course of two years has been pro- 
vided for those whose preparation and time require a more 
limited course : — 

First Year. Second Year. 

Homiletics. Homiletics. 

Life of Christ. Christian Evidences. 

Systematic Theology. Systematic Theology. 

Biblical Antiquities. Pastoral Theology. 

Natural Theology. Church Government. " What is Pres- 

Church History. byterian Law?" 

Ethics. Church History. 

New Testament Literature. Bible, Pauline Epistles, and Prophecies. 

Polemics. 

ENGLISH BIBLE. 

The design of the Board of Trustees in establishing this 
Chair is to secure that no student shall be graduated from the 
Theological Department of this Institution without acquiring 
a thorough knowledge of the Bible in the English language. 

To this end the Board of Trustees has enjoined it upon the 
Faculty of Theology to require the students under the direc- 
tion of the incumbent of this Chair to read the whole Bible 
carefully and studiously, and to commit to memory such 
passages as may be assigned to them with this design. 

Instruction is given on the versions of the sacred Scriptures, 
especially on the history of the English Version. The four- 
fold record of the life of Christ, the Epistles of Paul, and the 
prophetical books of the Old and New Testaments are care- 
fully taught. The information is imparted in a practical 
form, that it may be of service to the young men as teachers, 
preachers, and pastors. Before entering the Theological course 
the student is expected to be familiar with the historical and 
poetical portions of the Scriptures. And while in this depart- 
ment they should read the whole Bible with studious and rever- 
ent attention. 

CHURCH GOVERNHENT. 

The various forms of Church Government which exist in 
the Church are minutely considered and compared with the 
principles of government laid down in the Bible. 

The details of Presbyterian Polity and Modes of Discipline 
are theoretically and practically taught. 






CATALOGUE OF LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 35 

HEBREW. 

Hebrew is taught throughout the three years. 

The Junior year is given to acquiring an exact knowledge 
of the language, the blackboard being constantly used in 
teaching. The grammatical peculiarities of the language and 
a vocabulary comprising Hebrew w T ords of most frequent 
occurrence are gradually acquired. These are practically ap- 
plied from the beginning in writing Hebrew prose upon the 
board in the class room, to be corrected before the class or in 
written exercises. 

Dr. Green's large Hebrew Grammar is in the hands of each 
student as a permanent reference book. The book of Genesis 
is read during the latter part of the session ; also some selec- 
tions as sight reading. 

In the Middle year a careful exegetical study is made of 
some portion of the prophetical books — this year the books 
of Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi. Sight reading is pursued 
in other portions of the prophetical books. Introductory lec- 
tures are delivered upon the Minor Prophets, endeavoring to 
set forth the circumstances and the exact import of each book. 

In the Senior year some portion of the poetical books is 
studied exegetically — this year The Psalms. Other selections 
from the poetical books are read at sight reading. 

Introductory lectures upon the poetical books are delivered 
to the Senior Class. 

There is a Special Class in Arabic for students having mis- 
sion work in Africa in view. 

CHURCH HISTORY. 

Church history is taught throughout the Middle and Senior 
years, covering in the two years the History of the Christian 
Church from Apostolic times to the present. 

The aim of the course is not to notice every detail, but to 
place such emphasis upon the important events and transitions 
of various periods as will make each student able to state 
clearly and exactly the cause and nature of all such events, 
and to enable him to take an intelligent survey of the whole 
field of the Church's existence. 



$6 CATALOGUE OF LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 

Each student is required to write a carefully-prepared thesis 
each year upon some assigned subject within the sphere of the 
year's work, requiring independent research. 

Middle Year. — From Apostolic times to the Protestant 
Reformation. 

Senior Year. — From the beginning of the Protestant 
Reformation to the present. 

The text book in both years is " Fisher's History of the 
Christian Church." 

NEW TESTAHENT LITERATURE. 

The manuscripts and canon of the New Testament. Special 
introduction to the New Testament books. The life of our 
Lord and Harmony of the Gospels. New Testament Gram- 
mar and Exegesis. 

PASTORAL THEOLOGY. 

The course of study in Pastoral Theology will cover two 
years of the curriculum, and has been arranged with a view 
to the practical treatment of every phase of activity and influ- 
ence which belongs to the Christian pastorate. 

Special emphasis will be given to the subjective training of 
candidates for the holy office ; and, with this end in view, the 
Pastoral Epistles will be carefully studied at the beginning of 
the course. 

CHRISTIAN EVIDENCES. 

The range of studies under this head will include, in gen- 
eral, the grounds of Theistic and Christian belief. 

The aim will be to present in connected form the evidences — 
drawn from all sources — of natural and revealed religion. 

In connection with the study of Biblical Archaeology, one 
session will be devoted to the evidences of the truth of the 
sacred Scriptures from the monumental records of the past. 

BIBLICAL ARCHAEOLOGY. 

A definite and accurate knowledge of the social, religious, 
and political life of the nations of the East in Bible times will 
be the object of the scudy. 



CATALOGUE OF LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 37 

Special attention will be given to the rapidly accumulating 
testimonies of modern discovery and research; and, whenever 
necessary, the subject matter of the text book will be supple- 
mented by lectures and stereopticon illustrations. 

The topography and general features of the lands of the 
Bible will be carefully studied in the first session of the 
Junior year. 

Analyses of the subjects treated, outline maps, and essays 
on special themes will be required during the course. 

SYSTEHATIC THEOLOGY. 

Systematic Theology is begun in the Junior year and 
continued through the entire course. For the present Rev. 
William R. Bingham, D. D., is conducting this course of 
instruction. " The Outlines of Theology," by Dr. A. A. 
Hodge, is used as a text book. 

The students are diligently instructed in the system of the- 
ology embodied in our Westminster Standards. The exer 
cises of the class room often assume the form of mutual 
question and answer for the sake of a clearer insight into 
the difficulties and their more satisfactory collation. The aim 
is always to trace the truth received to its source in the Bible 
as the very Word of God. 

ECCLESIASTICAL LATIN. 

One hour a week in Ecclesiastical Latin is assigned to the 
Junior Class. The day has not yet come when Protestant 
Christians can afford to lay aside the knowledge of the tongue 
in which the Latin Church publishes its dogmas and decrees 
to the world for information, if not for obedience. Our own 
Church still exacts a Latin thesis from her candidates for the 
ministry. As a part of this course such a thesis is required 
of each member of the Senior Class. 

SACRED RHETORIC. 

Broadus' " Preparation and Delivery of Sermons " is used 
as a text book in the Junior year. In the Middle and Senior 
years instruction is given by lectures, by the analysis of texts 



38 CATALOGUE OF LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 

and the making of plans, and by criticism of the sermons 
delivered by the students. Elocution will be taught to the 
students of the Middle and Senior years. 

During the Middle and Senior years students are required 
to preach without manuscript. 

ENGLISH THEOLOGICAL COURSE. 

In the year 1876 the Board of Trustees of Lincoln Univer- 
sity addressed the following memorial and overture to the 
General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church : — 

"The Board of Trustees of Lincoln University, deeply in- 
terested in the condition of the Freedmen, and convinced that 
their continued destitution of an authorized educated ministry 
is a reproach to the Church and a source of danger to the 
country, respectfully urge the General Assembly to devise and 
adopt some practical plan to supply this want ; and overture 
the Assembly to consider and act upon the following propo- 
sitions : 

"First. — Resolved, That this Assembly recognize it as the 
imperative duty of the Church to send the Gospel to the 
Freedmen without delay. 

"Second. — That while in the considerate judgment of this 
Assembly the regulations embodied in the fourteenth chapter 
of the Form of Government respecting the trial of candidates 
for licensure are an authoritative guide to Presbyteries in de- 
termining their qualifications, they do not supersede the dis- 
cretion of the Presbyteries in the responsibility of committing 
the ministry of the Word to faithful men. 

" Third. — That all Presbyteries providentially brought into* 
relations with the Freedmen be hereby advised to license all 
colored men of whose call to preach the Gospel they may be 
satisfied, and whose training and abilities they may deem suffi- 
cient to qualify them for this sacred work. 

"Fourth. — That the Board of Education be instructed to as- 
sume in behalf of the Church the pecuniary responsibility of 
educating in a thorough course of theological studies in the 
English language all colored candidates for the ministry rec- 
ommended to their care by the Presbyteries." 



CATALOGUE OF LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 39 

To this memorial and overture the Assembly returned the 
following answer: — 

"First. — The Assembly has no authority to modify the reg- 
ulations of our Form of Government in respect to qualifica- 
tions of licentiates, so as to make provision for any class of 
exceptional cases. At the same time the Assembly recognizes 
the propriety of the exercise, by Presbyteries, of a wise discre- 
tion in their administration of the functions intrusted to them 
by the Church, in view of the great work to be done by our 
Church among the colored people in this country. The As- 
sembly specially accords such discretion to those Presbyteries 
which are providentially brought into special relations to that 
work ; meanwhile, in view of the experience of several years, 
enjoining upon such Presbyteries the obligation to take great 
care lest incompetent or unworthy men be admitted into the 
ministry of our Church. 

"Second. — This General Assembly does not deem it wise to 
modify the existing rules governing the Board of Education 
in the aiding of candidates for the ministry in our Church. 
The Assembly, however, earnestly commend the exceptional 
cases, referred to in the overture, to the sympathy and charity 
of the churches, and trust that the friends of our work among 
the Freedmen will suffer no worthy young man, devoting him- 
self to that work, to fail for lack of pecuniary aid." — Minutes 
of the General Assembly, i8j6. 

This answer of the General Assembly virtually affirms the 
first proposition, that it is the duty of the Church to send the 
Gospel to the Freedmen without delay. The Assembly spe- 
cially accords to particular Presbyteries discretion in licensing, 
as preachers of the Gospel, candidates who have been exer- 
cised in a thorough course of theological studies in the Eng- 
lish language, according to the second and third propositions. 
And although the Assembly did not instruct the Board of 
Education to adopt a wider policy in supporting colored can- 
didates for the ministry, its past policy, which has been so 
liberal, was not restricted. The education of colored men in 
a thorough course of theological studies in the English lan- 
guage was commended by the Assembly to the sympathies 



40 CATALOGUE OF LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 

and charity of the churches and friends of our work among 
the Freedmen. 

Experienced and conservative teachers in the South esti- 
mate that not less than five millions of the colored population 
are still, in 1896, served by ministers incompetent for their 
work from lack of a plain English education. 

The English course in the Theological Department occu- 
pies two years. It embraces the same studies as the full 
course, with the exception of the Greek and Hebrew Scrip- 
tures. 

ECCLESIASTICAL RELATIONS. 

By the charter of Lincoln University the Theological De- 
partment is placed under the care of the General Assembly of 
the Presbyterian Church, in conformity with the general plan 
adopted for the supervision of theological seminaries. The 
General Assembly which met in Chicago in May, 187 1, ac- 
cepted the oversight of the Theological Departments of Lin- 
coln University as provided in the charter, and approved the 
appointments and proceedings of the Board of Trustees, as 
reported at that time. The laws of Lincoln University re- 
quire that any action of the Board of Trustees, affecting the 
Theological Department, shall be reported to the General 
Assembly by the Secretary of the Board. The Faculty of 
Theology is also required to prepare for the information of 
the General Assembly an annual report of their work of in- 
struction and of all matters of interest respecting the Theo- 
logical Department. 

EXPENSES. 

First Session. 

Coal $5 00 

Furniture 2 50 

Board and washing 31 50 

$39 °° 

Second Session. 

Coal • $8 00 

Furniture • 2 50 

Board and washing 31 50 

42 00 

Total for the year $81 00 



CATALOGUE OF LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 4 1 

THEOLOGICAL AND HISSIONARY SOCIETY. 

The Theological and Missionary Society meets every Friday 
evening for exercises connected with ministerial and mission- 
ary work. The room occupied by the Society is supplied with 
a library of general and special commentaries and furnished 
with religious and missionary periodicals. Missionaries from 
time to time are invited to address the students of the Univer- 
sity, and a general missionary spirit is cultivated and promoted. 

A catalogue of graduates of the Theological Department 
of Lincoln University who are now enrolled in the various 
' Presbyteries under the care of the General Assembly, with the 
date of their graduation and the Presbytery under whose over- 
sight they are laboring. 

NAME - Creation. Presbytery. 

*Albouy, William H 1892 Southern Virginia. 

*Alston, Junius C 1889 Yadkin. 

*Amos, Thomas H 1889 McClelland. 

^Anderson, Daniel B 1894 West Jersey. 

^Armstrong, Reuben H 1880 Carlisle. 

Bagnall, Powhatan 1894 Jersey City. 

Baker, David S 1872 Union. 

Baker, Hiram 1868 Kingston. 

*Barrett, James R 1894 Southern Virginia. 

*Bonner, James A 1888 Yadkin. 

*Boyden, John A 1887 Transylvania. 

*Brooks, William F., D. D. . . . 1885 Catawba. 

*Brown, William C 1879 Chester. 

Bryant, William H 1874 Yadkin. 

*Caldwell, John A 1889 Knox. 

*Carr, William E 1881 Southern Virginia. 

Carson, George 1878 Catawba. 

*Coberth, Edward W. ...... 1894 Westminster. 

Coles, William R 1871 McClelland. 

*Collier, David S 1S95 Chester. 

Cressfield, James A Catawba. 

*Davis, Alfred G 1881 Cape Fear. 

*Davis, Benjamin F 1892 Chester. 

*Dickerson, William H 1882 Brooklyn. 

^Downing, Lylburn L 1895 Southern Virginia. 

*Dusenbury, Charles B . . 1890 Holston. 

*Eggleston, Edward F 18S6 Baltimore. 

*Fairley, Leonard E 1892 Cape Fear. 

*Hagler, Melford H 1891 White River. 

*Hargrave, William M., D. D. . . 1S76 Catawba. 

Hargrave, Thomas B 1876 Yadkin. 

*S. T. B. 



42 CATALOGUE OF LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 

♦Houston, Ebenezer A 1893 Knox. 

Hubbard, Luther 1877 Knox. 

*Jackson, Moses H 1888 Chicago. 

♦Jason, Howard T 1895 Chester. 

^Jefferson, Charles L 1890 New Castle. 

Johns, William H 1874 West Jersey. 

Johnson, Amos P. M 1895 Cape Fear. 

Johnson, W r illiam L., D. D. . . . 1869 Atlantic. 

♦Jones, Yorke, D. D 1885 Catawba. 

♦Lawton, William R 1886 Brooklyn. 

*Lee, Thomas H 1S87 Philadelphia. 

-Logan, Frank T 1884 Catawba. 

♦Long, Thomas A 1892 Cape Fear. 

♦Mabry, Henry C, D. D 18S3 Southern Virginia. 

*Mayers, Richard 1893 McClelland. 

*Mebane, Charles S 1888 White River. 

♦Miller, Dublin B 1895 Southern Virginia. 

Miller, Horace G 1884 New York. 

♦Miller, Lawrence 1880 ..... Knox. 

*Moultrie, Jacob C 1889 Atlantic. 

♦Moyer, Henry C 1S84 Yadkin. 

♦Murray, Daniel 1876 Kingston. 

♦Ogburn, Thomas C 1889 White River. 

Peabody, George B 1S93 West Africa. 

Peden, William H 1894 McClelland. 

♦Potter, Francis C 1880 White River. 

♦Rankin, William J 1892 Yadkin. 

^"Robeson, William D 1876 New Brunswick. 

^"Savage, John A , D. D 1882 Cape Fear. 

Sevier, Samuel S 1884 Cape Fear. 

♦Shaw, George C 1889 ..... Cape Fear. 

Swan, Jeremiah B 1883 Baltimore. 

Templeton, William R 1871 Lehigh. 

Thompson, Gabriel S 1869 Knox. 

♦Tilden, Frederick D 1893 Chester. 

♦Torrence, Augustus E 1886 White River. 

♦Trusty, Charles H 1892 ..... Union. 

-Tucker, Charles E 1895 Chester. 

Twine, Lewis D.' 1880 Yadkin. 

♦Uggams, Coydan H. ..... . 1890 East Florida. 

♦Ward, Charles B 1S80 Yadkin. 

♦Weaver, William H., D. D. . . 1879 Baltimore. 

♦Williams, Oscar A 1892 .... Dubuque. 

♦Williams, Charles H 1893 Yadkin. 

♦Wilson, Alexander R 1882 Knox. 

♦Wood, Henry D 1878 Yadkin. 

♦Woolridge, Josiah P 1895 McLelland. 

*s. T. B. 



GENERAL STATEHENT 



Lincoln University is in Chester County, Pennsylvania, 
half a mile from Lincoln University Station, on the Philadel- 
phia and Baltimore Central Railroad. That part of Chester 
County in which the University is situated is notably free 
from malarial and pulmonary diseases. The Institution is well 
removed from associations which tend to prevent high literary 
attainments and hinder the formation of a high moral charac- 
ter. The post office, where the Resident Professors should 
be addressed, is 

LINCOLN UNIVERSITY, 

Chester County, Pa. 

The corporate title of this Institution is " Lincoln Uni- 
versity." Bequests intended to promote the work of this 
University will be legally valid under that title. To the title 
add the place to prevent confusion with other institutions 
having the same prefix. 

The first charter of this Institution was granted by the State 
of Pennsylvania, under the title of "Ashmun Institute," in 
1854. In 1866 the title was changed by amendment of the 
charter to " Lincoln University." The Theological Depart- 
ment was, in 1871, by another change of the charter, placed 
under the control of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian 
Church. 

The property of Lincoln University consists of land, build- 
ings, endowments, and apparatus. 

LAND. 

Eighty acres in Lower Oxford, Chester County, Pennsyl- 
vania. 

BUILDINGS. 

The Chapel. The Mary Dodd Brown Memorial Chapel 
contains an audience room for Sabbath services capable of 
seating four hundred persons, and a Prayer Hall for daily use 
communicating with the chapel by sliding frames. 

(43) 



44 CATALOGUE OF LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 

University Hall is designed exclusively for recitation 
purposes. It is heated by steam throughout. Its ventilation 
has been carefully regarded. The Chemical and Physical 
rooms are in the basement, and have concrete floors rising 
toward the rear to give a full view of experiments. They are 
furnished with water pipes and chimney ventilation. Provision 
has been made in them for the preservation of the valuable 
apparatus of the University, and for experimental instruction 
in these departments of Natural Science. 

This building is directly opposite the chapel, and with it 
presents an imposing appearance at the entrance to the 
campus. 

Livingstone Hall is for commencement assemblies, and 
will seat one thousand persons. 

The Harriet Watson Jones Hospital, erected during the 
year 1895-96 by the generosity of J. M. C. Dickey, Esq., 
and equipped with the latest appliances and ward accommo- 
dations for six patients, is for the use of students in cases of 
serious illness or accident. 

Ashmun Hall is a dormitory for students, 

Lincoln Hall contains dormitories for students, and the 
Janitor's apartments. 

Cresson Hall contains dormitories for students, and the 
library and reading room. 

Houston Hall contains dormitories and study rooms for 
the Theological students, and the room for the Theological 
and Missionary Society. 

There are nine residences for the Professors. 

Ains. 

Among the instrumentalities through which the friends of 
the Negro may convey to him the blessings of education, 
Lincoln University especially deserves the confidence of the 
Christian public. She was the first to enter this field. Lin- 
coln University was chartered to give a liberal scientific, 
classical, and theological education to colored youth of the 
male sex in 1854, six years before the war which resulted in 
emancipation. A liberal Christian education was the policy 



CATALOGUE OF LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 45 

adopted by Lincoln University for the elevation of our 
colored population before the body of them became freedmen. 

We are still doing a large share of the higher work. 
Worthy applicants are knocking at our doors, eager for the 
benefits here afforded. To the extent of our resources we 
turn no worthy man away who desires an education for the 
sake of the good he can do with it. 

It is certain that colored men will exert a large, and it 
may fairly be assumed, a controlling influence in forming 
and directing the currents of opinion, and the gulf stream 
movements of industrial, social, educational, and religious prog- 
ress among these increasing millions of our population. It 
cannot be reasonably expected that their leaders should guide 
them along the lines of the common life of our whole people 
unless they are themselves educated, their principles estab- 
lished, and their opinions moulded in intelligent, conscious, 
and consenting harmony with the public life of the nation. 

Their wise friends will not attempt to force their education 
into narrow channels while the education of the more favored 
classes, as conducted in our colleges and seminaries of learn- 
ing, is constantly expanded by an almost boundless gener- 
osity. To withhold the means of their liberal education, 
while we lavishly use them for the education of others, will 
suggest the thought that we do not design to fit them for the 
position to which the necessities of the nation raised them. 
The trusted leader of colored troops would have to be drilled 
in all the tactics of modern warfare, and the leaders of this 
unorganized, agitated army of colored thinkers, who are now 
meditating how they will vote and what they will undertake, 
equally need to be drilled in all that makes thinking exact 
and safe. If their leaders are to co-operate with the leaders 
of this nation, they must be helped into agreement with them 
by a similar education. 

It is the purpose of the Trustees and Faculty of Lincoln 
University to communicate, without stint and without delay, 
all the advantages of a liberal scientific, classical, and Chris- 
tian education, according to our means and ability, to young- 
men who may become their leaders, in the conviction that 



46 CATALOGUE OF LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 

this is fair to them; that their needs are the same as ours; 
and that as God has given them the ability to acquire all the 
parts of such education, making no difference between them 
and us in natural endowments, so He will give them grace 
to use the power which accompanies education for the en- 
lightenment and moral elevation of their own people and for 
the highest good of our whole people. 

RESULTS AND NEEDS. 

More than five hundred young men have been sent out 
from the Preparatory Department and from the lower classes 
of the Collegiate Department, many of whom are engaged in 
important positions as teachers in the Southern States. 

Five hundred and thirty-three have been graduated from 
the Collegiate Department, after a course of instruction ex- 
tending through four and, in many cases, seven years. Most 
of these graduates are engaged in professional and educa- 
tional labors in the Southern States. 

Two hundred and twenty-six of the students of Lincoln 
University have received ordination as ministers in Evangel- 
ical Protestant denominations. 

Thirteen of our students have gone to Africa as mission- 
aries of the Cross. Three young men from Liberia are now 
in the University. 

The University is consecrated to the glory of God and the 
good of man. It has received the indorsement of all who are 
acquainted with its work. The friends of the education of 
"colored youth" are cordially invited to investigate its plans 
and operations, and co-operate with its officers in conferring 
the benefits of a liberal and Christian culture on those who 
prize and so much need this blessing. 

The whole work of Lincoln University needs immediate 
enlargement. A_comparatively small addition to her funds 
would greatly increase her power for usefulness. Lincoln 
University is a living, growing Institution. It is a mistake 
to think that because her resources are increasing her needs 
are becoming less. Our needs are as the needs of the people 
for whom we are working. The need of Christian teachers 



CATALOGUE OF LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 47 

and ministers is only just beginning to be felt, and is by no 
means overtaken. It is the estimate of conservative Southern 
educators that not more than one in five is fitted by education 
and character to occupy the pulpits in which they are ap- 
pointed to preach the Gospel. If we are doing any good, 
there is the same reason for increasing our efficiency. A 
college that has no wants has no vigor of life. Lincoln Uni- 
versity would be recreant to its duty and opportunity if she did 
not enlarge her plans in behalf of a cause so needy and so 
hopeful. 

The attention of considerate friends is invited to the follow- 
ing special wants : — 

The separate and adequate endowment and equipment of 
the Theological- Department. This would require about two 
hundred and fifty thousand dollars. A beginning could be 
made with a smaller sum. 

The endowment of the Chair of Mental and Moral Science. 

The more adequate endowment of the existing Chairs of 
Instruction. 

The provision, by endowment, for the care and improvement 
of the property of the University. 

A domestic laundry. A system of safe lighting. An ade- 
quate water supply. 

The completion of the one hundred Scholarships for the 
perpetual education of worthy young men, whose diligence, 
talents, and piety give promise of usefulness. Twenty-two, or 
one-fifth, of them have already been endowed. 

On taking possession of our new and commodious Hall of 
Instruction, the attention of the friends of the Institution is 
called to the need of apparatus for the Scientific Department, 
particularly for the branches of Physics and Chemistry. 

LIBRARY. 

A library is to a college what a storehouse is to a merchant. 
It contains the treasures of his business and makes them avail- 
able for his use. A library is a conservatory of the riches of 
the world's thought, a facility for busy thinkers, and a stimulus 
to new production. The Library of Lincoln University needs 



48 CATALOGUE OF LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 

the thoughtful liberality of its friends. Immediate provision 
ought to be made for the preservation of the books and for 
their profitable use by the erection of a suitable building. The 
rooms in which they are now for the most part hidden contain 
about fifteen thousand volumes. These volumes are exposed 
to the risk of fire in a building used as a dormitory. It was 
erected as a residence, and its walls are not strong enough to 
bear the increasing weight of so many books. The linear 
space available for the books will not contain more than six 
thousand volumes. The students, who need every facility for 
consulting the Library of the Institution, are suffering a con- 
stant disadvantage from this want. We look expectantly for 
the liberality which will supply it. We are not desiring a 
costly building. Twenty-five thousand dollars would ade- 
quately supply this pressing want. 



JU " 2 193, 



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